Current Events and US Diplomacy

1. Define doctrine and identify why a president would want to announce one. A doctrine is a philosophy, actions, and set of principles particular or adopted by a president or a group in general. It is adopted to guide actions for that particular group or individual. In international relations it is mostly used to explain the foreign policy under a president.

When elected a president differentiate himself by establishing am ideology, a set of policies that will dictate what course of action will be taken at any time with anything that may happen. At that time it was capital for each president to define their doctrine to ensure proper plans of action will in office. With the cold war it was even more critical as they were face with challenging international situations. The communist soviet was expanding and the West was trying to contain that expansion. The Truman Doctrine (1945- 1953) was all about stopping the soviet and communist expansion wherever necessary.

2. Select one country you wrote about in Assignment 1 and describe the Cold War relationship that existed between it and the U.S. Explicate the diplomatic doctrine the president followed, with reference to specific actions or events that occurred. According to the US State Department, The United States appointed its first Consul to Greece in 1837, following Greece’s independence from the Ottoman Empire, and established diplomatic relations with Greece in 1868. Between 1940 and 1941, Greece faced an attack from Italy and Germany without U.S. intervention.

After the German occupation, the Greeks went through a terrible civil war. Those were trouble times during 1944. The guerrilla forces from the communist party KKE, supported by the communists Yugoslavia (Tito), Albania, and Bulgaria was fighting against the government established after controversial elections they had boycotted. Since Britain could no longer afford to aid Greece, they called the US to the rescue. After World War II, the United States contributed hundreds of millions of dollars to rebuild Greece’s buildings, agriculture, and industry as part of the Marshall Plan.

3. Describe what effect the presidential doctrine you chose has had on regional or global affairs since it was announced during the Cold War. The Marshall plan was proposed and adopted as the European Recovery Program. The goal was to support the weaken Europe by helping financially, and also to promote freedom and democracy to the world. Thirteen Billions USD in aid was to be distributed to rebuilding Europe including the soviets that declined. They refused to allow the US to be involved or control their affairs.

The soviet expansion had to be contained and the best way to make it happen was to give money to the struggling countries after World War II. Four hundred millions was given to Greece and one hundred million to Turkey as a result of the Marshall plan. Clearly the U.S. had changed its politic of isolationism to a globalism. Multiple accords and treaty were signed. As an example, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in April 4th, 1949. Greece and Turkey joined the organization in 1952. It was in place to guaranty mutual military support in case one of the member country was under attack. In response to West Germany joining NATO in April 1955, the USSR and eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe signed the Warsaw Pact.

4. Refer back to the country you selected in step two and describe the relationship that currently exists between the U.S. and that country. Nowadays Greece is a very important ally for the United States on many policy priorities. The United States has always expressed great support for Greece’s ongoing effort to restore fiscal stability, and economic recovery. The two countries have bilateral diplomatic representation.

As a leader in the region, Greece has worked with the U.S. toward stability in the Balkan and economic development, supporting Turkey’s bid for accession to the European Union, and supporting the diversification of Europe’s energy supplies. Greece’s geographic position is key for the dialogue with the Muslim world. It occupies a strategic location in the Eastern Mediterranean as a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member. The U.S.-Greece mutual defense cooperation agreement allows the US to maintain a naval support base in Crete. U.S. assistance fosters strong bilateral military-to-military relations and contributes toward the interoperability of Greek forces within NATO.

Greece participates in the Visa Waiver Program, which allows nationals of participating countries to travel to the United States for certain business or tourism purposes for stays of 90 days or less without obtaining a visa. Greece and the United States both belong to several international organizations. Among them the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization. Greece also is a permanent observer to the Organization of American States.

5. Evaluate whether or not the presidential doctrine had had the intended effect of altering the behavior of the one country you selected in section (2) above since the doctrine was first announced. The Marshall plan was proposed and adopted as the European Recovery Program. The goal was to support the weaken Europe by helping financially, and also to promote freedom and democracy to the world. Thirteen Billions USD in aid was to be distributed to rebuilding Europe including the soviets that declined. They refused to allow the US to be involved or control their affairs. The soviet expansion had to be contained and the best way to make it happen was to give money to the struggling countries after World War II.

Four hundred millions was given to Greece and one hundred million to Turkey as a result of the Marshall plan. Clearly the U.S. had changed its politic of isolationism to a globalism. Multiple accords and treaty were signed. As an example, The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in April 4th, 1949. It was in place to guaranty mutual military support in case one of the member country was under attack. In response to West Germany joining NATO in April 1955, the USSR and eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe signed the Warsaw Pact. All these accords helped keep the communism out of Greece. The Truman doctrine contributed to the Greeks working with the West and not with the soviets

Reference

https://www.trumanlibrary.org/publicpapers/index.php?pid=2189&st=&st1=