Drug therapists have to frequently face cases of relapse, where after a certain period of treatment, the patient reverts to drugs use. While earlier relapse was viewed as failure of drugs therapy, today it is seen as a pointer towards the necessary changes that need to be included in the therapy process. Therapists no longer consider relapse as restart from beginning, rather they try to include it as a part of the recovery process and try to identify the causes that induce relapses in patients to address them in the next phase of the treatment plan.
Further, even patients themselves change their approach in the treatment phase after relapse, and start the recovery process in steps. However, the significance of relapse for the patient is still marked. Frequent relapses cause disillusionment, hopelessness and loss of self confidence among patients. While accepting relapse as a part of treatment procedure, its important to help patients come out of it, or else they may get devastated, loosing entire hope of recovery and becoming permanent addicts. Relapses occur due to individual, personal and social factors and need active and engaging cooperation from family members
Relapse and recovery Relapse is getting back to drugs, while recovery is the final liberation from drugs addiction. Recovery describes the process of repairing the damage caused by drugs and alcohol addiction.. Drug and alcohol use cause comprehensive damage every dimension of personal and social life. Family, peers, friends, and colleagues, all can be negatively affected by drug addiction, bringing down moral and psychological strength of the affected person. Recovery leads to complete abstinence from drugs abuse hence ending the damages associated with it. With abstinence comes the requirement of maintenance.
Factors affecting recovery include assessment of the amount of repair necessary for substance abuser, and modifying their viewpoints to see the changes in from a transformed perspective. Relapse on the other hand is just the opposite of recovery; people start the use of drugs after committing to remain abstinent. On the personal grounds, relapse can occur due to association with other substance abusers, or lack of will and confidence in patient to abandon drugs. Explain the underlying principles of AA and discuss why so many individuals testify to its effectiveness.
A. A. is a fellowship or group therapy approach that is founded on the Twelve Steps, a guideline of recovery, and the Twelve Traditions that set up a way in which these groups determine how to run. A. A forbids individualistic approach and take a collective attitude towards life. The stress in A. A is definitely evolving a collaborative approach that depends on sharing and doing things in togetherness. A. A embodies the principle of strength in unity and here drug and alcohol addicts take common decisions and help each other to abstain from further abuse.
Discuss differences and similarities between the cognitive-behavioral/social learning model and the cognitive-behavioral model. The cognitive-behavioral/social learning model associates substance abuse with behavior and treats it as behavior learned and adopted due to interaction in some specific niches of society. It implies that people gets oriented towards drugs due to their social and then individual tastes. Thus by corollary the cognitive-behavioral model also implies that a person taken out from such environment, or having his/her niche changed, would respond positively towards the treatment and attain rapid recovery.
Ccognitive-behavioral model therefore puts stress on therapeutic session between client and therapists and as an effective means to overcome drugs problem. Explain the reasons for considering the importance of not overlooking the relearning of pleasure in the recovery process. For the treatment to be successful, patients must look forward to the process of treatment and respond with active participation. For this the treatment process has to be fun. Treatments based on pain and fear can induce only temporary motives which, in longer run, would cause patients to abandon the treatment process.
Inducing fears of penalty or punishment may have very short term affect and eventually it would prompt the patients to invent more creative ideas for substance abuse to avoid the punishments. Fear, as a negation, therefore very rarely works and the real force for recovery has always to come from within. Patients should be encouraged to see the positive sides and the gains of leaving drugs and alcohols rather than intimidating them with dangers and possible harms to come from them