As a care worker it is important to recognise that we are there to support the individuals choices, values and preferences above all else. Instead of looking at the disability we are to see the individual, not the disability and try to support their contribution to the community and reach their full potential as a human being. We must adhere to the Human rights act and give them a sense of belonging and the right to make their own choices. This reflects in person centred care, as everyone is an individual with their own unique values, attitudes, beliefs, and preferences.
To achieve care that is person-centred . We are recognize individuality and diversity, whilst consulting with and involving the individual at all stages of our Service user journey. This is called a holistic approach to care where we recognise all the service users’ circumstances to provide care. Personal centred care puts the service user at the centre of the care being provided. If we solely focus on an individual’s needs we are not achieving full potential as a human being. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs represent our states of what we need to reach full potential.
This recognises that we must move up the ladder from physical needs, which are basis needs of a human: water, food, shelter and warmth to end up coming to our full potential. If we focus more on the individuals strengths and aspirations, we may miss the basis needs in life that we need to fulfil and maybe concentrating on what the individual is already good at instead of helping to encourage independent living, and establishing other things that the individual may not be as good at doing.
People with physical disabilities, also known as disabled people or physically disabled people, have a physical impairment which has a substantial and long term effect on their ability to carry our day-to-day activities. A congenital disorder, or congenital disease, is a condition existing at birth and often before birth, or that develops during the first month of life. Acquiring disabilities later in life can be as a result of accidents; war injuries etc however, people can also suddenly acquire disabilities through strokes and the aging process.
A neurological disorder is any disorder of the body’s nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms. An example of a congenital disorder is Down syndrome (DS) or Down’s syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of a chromosome 21. Down syndrome is the most common chromosome abnormality in humans. It is typically associated with a delay in cognitive ability and physical growth, and a particular set of facial characteristics.
A progressive disability can impact on a person’s life because it is something that can take effect over there life span and deteriorate. This means that things they man have been competent in doing may cease as the illness gets worse. For someone with a congenital disorder it may be easier to complete life tasks as they were often born with the disability and therefore systems of work, life have already been put into place from birth as they develop into adults, so this may have an easier impact on their life.
Whereas someone with a progressive disability this will be constantly changing over time and therefore there life style, progressive illnesses can be harder to except for the individual. For someone with a disability social impacts can affect the person because as a society we instantly believe that this individual cannot undertake there life the same as someone without disability. Therefore barriers have been put in sometimes unknowingly for this individual before they even start.
As an environment, sometimes access to places can be affected and some people, for example in wheelchairs have been unable to access places due to the right facilities. For someone with a disability, in Britain they are more fortunate than someone in less developed country because the countries are poorer have less access to more facilities and therefore have fewer choices in their lives. Although if we in Britain hit a regression the government cuts funding for things and therefore disabilities and other groups do suffer to maintain their lives.
The disability legislation put into place, meant that employer’s for example have to give equal rights to employ. So this means that they cannot just see the disability and believe they are unfit for the role. It also means that people have to provide right equipment, for example for people who have sight difficulties or reading difficulties, larger fonts, or training, education to support with this. It also means that restaurants, bars, leisure centres to have to provide disabled facilities so that have a disability doesn’t mean they don’t have access to things in society.
This has also given society a boarder mind when thinking of disability and has helped people be less discriminatory of disabilities. For someone with a disability this may effect there life style choices, there employee, what they choose as there career path, even to whom they marry as they may believe they can only take certain paths in life. It can also effect perhaps where they choose to go on holiday, who their friends are, due to maybe mixing with more disabled groups of people.
If we provide good systems in place for disabled people this can provide a positive outcome to how we think about disability. For example if an employer has in place all easy access buildings, disabled toilets and equipment this provides a positive outcome not just for the disabled person but for the other staff as well, as they will have a more positive approach to disability. If, for example these things are not in place, this can provide a negative approach and compliance to put these systems in place can lead to a wider negative approach to disability.
For someone with a disability to live a life as much as possible as independently as possible is providing them with a fulfilment, which is part of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. To include someone in society can provide a positive outcome for everyone, so that the disabled person feels part of society and not spate and although they will still have different needs, they still have a lot of similar needs to a non-disabled person.
Without supporting a disabled person to live there live independently and including them we can provide a negative approach to disability and therefore will also be excluding and not seeing anything other than the disability about the person. It is important that the person has control over their choices and decisions to help promote their independence otherwise this may seem to them as they cannot choice what life path they should be taking.
This can exclude them from society and also make them more uncooperative with decisions to be part of society and to live their lives. To take risks that are positive for someone with disabilities this may include, going to a day centre, or taking employment somewhere, we are helping improve their lives and fulfilling their needs. It is important to do this as people to and have the right to exercise their minds. If they don’t fulfil this then we maybe stunting there development as a human and maybe regressing them back in mind frame.
We must try encourage disabled people to take risk, that are positive for them, as they can feel a sense of achievement through doing something they don’t believe they would normally do. To help do this we can promote positive thinking through the work place and into society by also providing disabled mechanisms of work. This can help other people think more about disabled people and also therefore help prevent prejudice. Also we can get involved with more groups, social groups that are more disabled to helpe non disabled people appreciate this more.