This is my Essay aimed and focused on the role of sports psychology in the facilitation of anger management. In this essay I would like to show a clear definition of anger management and a clear definition of aggressive behaviour, I would like to discuss what exactly the contributing factors are as to the influence upon behaviour. One topic of conversation may be as to what are the beginnings of anger? How exactly does it start and how do you begin to stop it or prohibit it gradually.
Other questions I may ask are does age affect it? How do you approach it without making the problem worse? Which athletes have been affected in the past? Why have they been affected? Where was the control? What are the considerations or skills that the sports psychologist needs to show or use with the client? Children in particular are of concern in this essay as I think it is important to discuss what they need and how they may be affected in order to possibly combat the anger and therefore stop it happening in adult life.
If it could be identified in childhood it could make very good influential athletes but how? The first took look at when identifying anger and defining it is expression, the way a client expresses anger says a lot about them for instance when they express anger you can hopefully identify where the anger comes from say depression or frustration and decreased performance ability.
According to reading anger can be very negative for the athlete it will seriously prohibit there performance and could stop them reaching their goals. What I have just said makes me think back to reinforcement can you? Are you able to counter negative anger with positive reinforcement? I think so. An example of the suggested positive reinforcement maybe sponsorship deals, If say the client can control their anger then the sponsor will sign and they will stand to be lot better off than they are now (Carrot and the Stick!! )
There are a few styles of anger that need to be learnt these being 1, Overt, Overt anger is an outwardly physical or verbal outburst 2, Covert, Covert anger is a internal anger, kept in the self it is fuelled by the thought process and possibly the mental health condition depression 3, anger at self this is caused by thoughts possibly relating to actions 4, Anger at others caused by others possibly but the blame on the self.
All the above said can be helped by a sport psychologist using behavioural techniques, behavioural techniques come under the title of “ Anger Management “ anger management uses many different techniques such as acupuncture, group and independent counselling, aromatherapy and journals. Anger is viewed as immature (Wayne Rooney “ 2010 World Cup – Algeria. ”) or uncivilised response to frustration ( John McEnroe, 1984 Stockholm “ You cannot be serious. ) threat, violation ( Michael Phelps, 2012 Olympic Games “Louis Vuitton Adverts. ) or loss ( Paul “Gazza” Gascoigne 1990 World Cup – West Germany. ) It is best for athletes to remain calm, cool headed and composed this is probably best done my teaching the athletes to keep very calm and as unstressed as possible in order for them to stay socially acceptable.
All stress has been linked to the stressor or trigger and can as said be a viscous circle of stress from the stressor – internalization – frustration and feelings of isolation – physical outbursts – depression, it is very important to contain the athletes stress and break this cycle before it even gets to the second stage of the cycle let alone gets as serious as depression because as said depression can lead to suicide and addiction problems and can head a brilliant performer fulfilling their full potential.
Anger has a negative affect on the athletes personal relationships, ability to interact with others, boundaries of normal life and the boundaries of society. Anger is addictive and this is related to adrenalin and this addiction because of adrenalin is commonly known as the fight or flight response. Their are two types of anger “Passive and Aggressive. ” Characteristics of passive anger are secretive behaviour, Manipulation, self blame, self sacrifice, Ineffectualness or deliberate underachieving, dispassionate expressions, obsessive behaviour and evasiveness.
Characteristics of aggressive anger are threatening or intimidating behaviour towards others, destructiveness towards self, others or property, bullying, unjust blaming and making unfounded accusations, manic behaviour (Bi or Uni Polar? ), grandiosity, selfishness, vengeance and unpredictability. All these issues obviously need addressing and in order to address them a sports psychologist must follow the criteria aimed at remedying these issues!
The criteria s are directness, discharge of anger, justification, focusing, Persistence, non self protective approaches, the learning of listening skills, self control mechanisms, learning emphatic skills and relaxation programs. The Sports Psychologists role when dealing with the issue of anger in the client in this case the athlete is to be very self aware, to be self aware it is important that the sports psychologist has first explored and addressed their own issues in order to address the clients anger.
Responses to the client must be shaped by your own experiences, preconceptions, assumptions and socialization these should be thought about out side of the therapeutic environment, clients must be able to talk freely and must not be interrupted or prohibited from doing this , an angry client deserves personal space not smothered it is very important for them to be removed from the “Trigger Zone. ” they need calming neutral environments.
Superiority is an issue you are not more superior than the client and must make sure you are on the clients level or below, your voice must be a quiet one and your negotiations must be realistic. If the client is negative try moving the conversation onto something positive as this may provoke a physically aggressive or passive argument that will stop the meeting being both bad for yourself and the client,You must always be prepared to cut a meeting short though if it is absolute necessary it is also vitally important that you never try to take control of a physical situation but rather try negotiations.
The client that you no longer feel you have to work with will have commitment, improved skills, Respect to others, good observation of their own behaviour, Avoidance of unacceptable behaviour, morality and positive attitude, compassion and caring towards what they do, be prepared to learn from others and respect those in decision making roles, be able to fit into their peer group. The Sports Psychologist must be aware that sport is used as a deterrent for unacceptable behaviour.
This essay was aimed at addressing the role of sports psychology in the facilitation of anger management. I feel I have addressed this as well as I could, The Role of a sports psychologist is of the utmost importance when dealing with the issue of anger, I feel early intervention is vitally important to stop anger spiralling out of control therefore leading to mental health issues as serious as depression, the sports psychologists safety is very important as anger could lead to serious injury and will get the client no where nearer their goals.
When addressing the issue of anger in this essay I wrote about passive and aggressive anger and identify that passive anger may be more serious than aggressive anger because of the fact that you cannot see it and never know what is going on this leads me to identify that regular meetings are very important in order to identify this.
It is also very important to identify the client personality type in your psychology meeting as this says a lot about the client and who they are and helps you to work better with them than you would do if you did not identify this. The main thought is that anger should be controlled through the help of a sports psychologist in sport.