To kill a mockingbird is an insightful novel that effectively educates its reader about the discrimination and prejudice against African Americans that was occurring at the time. Through the pity and intensity of Tom Robinson’s trial the reader learns how the rights of African Americans were very different than the white Americans at the time. To kill a mockingbird highlights the pure injustice that Tom Robinson faces, when accused of a crime that he didn’t commit.
Due to these accusations Tom’s fate is put on the line and his dignity is robbed from him as the whole of Maycomb assumes that Mayella Ewell is right. Immediately the town people build a sense of hate and anger towards Tom Robinson and attempt to act on their thoughts and opinions. Throughout this text one will learn how not only Negro’s were affected by this prejudice and discrimination but how innocent white Americans, such as the finch family were too. st point ( The mistreatment of the finch family on the lead up to the trial): In to kill a mockingbird, due to the prejudice against Tom Robinson and the fact that Atticus was defending him, the lead up to the trial brought much dislike, and hatred towards the finch family. This innocent family’s dignity and respect was taken away from them by the town people due to the fact that Atticus was defending a Negro. This terrible offence towards Atticus however wouldn’t have happened if Tom were a white American and given the same rights as what was considered to be an upper class citizen.
During this time in Gem and Scout’s life, they are misled by the vicious rumours and opinions of people of Maycomb. This is shown when Scout and Gem’s Cousin Francis Finch, comes to visit and rudely states”. This sentence tells the reader that even young children were under the influence of the horrible neglect of Negro’s as they under the town’s cruel lie. Tom Robinson was facing even more hatred and discrimination against him at the time. At night he had to have Atticus guard him so that groups of malicious men couldn’t kill me or kidnap him during the night.
This is because it was believed at the time that rape was terrible for a white man, but for a negro it was considered to be absolutely outrageous, for a black man to lay his hands on a white woman. The trial scene clearly demonstrates the lack of power and and Towards the middle of to kill a mockingbird the trial of Tom Robinson against Mayella Ewell and her witnesses takes place. In this part of the book Tom is harshly accused of rape by Bob and Mayella Ewell, before being sentenced to prison by a bias white jury.
In the court case it is assumed that Tom Robinson was inferior to Mayella and Bob Ewell and through the harsh insults and accusations that took place, Tom was embarrassed and his pride almost completely vanishes. This is demonstrated as Mayella uses crying and shouting to make the court audience appeal to her emotions for, in order to prove that Tom is guilty to satisfy Bob Ewell. She uses phrases such as By doing so, she is taking advantage of the continuing prejudice against Negro’s and the very likely chance of the jury deciding that Tom is guilty before he even stepped into the court house.